1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital, Muscat, we can locate a secure and welcoming nation with transforming panoramas that transit between the desert and the warm Indian; and a population that will receive you just like you were part of it. Oman is a country found in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coastline, at the same time, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://visa-oman.info)
To speak a little regarding its history, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, since there are indications of human settlements in the area, particularly in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. In addition, the metropolis appears called for the first time in the 1st century AD. C., specifically when Greeks and Romans documented the presence of an essential business port, what is now currently referred to as “Port of Muscat”, a link in between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The battles for power over the port of Muscat have been constant over the centuries because of its strategic area between Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, many have been the countries that have disputed the control of the territory, so it has been a very important element for the growth and history of the country.
In the third century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I perpetrated an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era began when conversion to Islam happened. This occurred in the seventh century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From then on, this time frame that commenced and it extended till the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for power over the metropolis?
The Portuguese fleet initially found its way to Muscat in 1507, but they were met with shots from the port. The battles for control of the metropolis were devastating, but ultimately the Portuguese took power for more than a century. At that moment the Muscat fortresses were built, to defend against maritime assaults. However, this did not stop the conquest of the Turks, which happened twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was selected imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and also was accountable for uniting the nation. He was also the creator of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all of the rulers of Oman emerged till 1749. It was a time of fantastic territorial expansion since they conquered metropolitan areas of East Africa such as Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity came in the midst of the 18th century, after a civil war and also the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During that time, there was a power vacuum that resulted in theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most significant leader of the nineteenth century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military superiority and defeated Zanzibar.
How were your internal conflicts?
Disputes between the tribes within the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the twentieth century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to ask great britain for assistance to quell the revolts and even had to transfer his house from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) started a coup d’etat and overthrew his father. Ever since then, it has the total power of the country, famous as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official house is in the Al Alam Palace.